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Avadhānam is an ancient art/sport of India. It involves extempore creation of metrical verses on a variety of topics under myriad aesthetic constraints. It is a quintessential representative of that defining trait of all Indian classical arts – spontaneity. “Cittaikāgryam avadhānam,” “Avadhānam is the focusing of the mind” is its

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The epics, Iliad and Odyssey of Homer, largely complement each other in terms of what they offer to connoisseurs. Using the terminology of the rasas (flavours of emotions), the predominant rasa in the Iliad, which also acts as the sthāyi-bhāva, is valour (vīra). To sustain the undercurrent of valour for

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Alam ativistareṇa. Let us delve right in. नन्वाश्रयस्थितिरियं तव कालकूट केनोत्तरोत्तरविशिष्टपदोपदिष्टा । प्रागर्णवस्य हृदये वृषलक्ष्मणोऽथ कण्ठेऽधुना वससि वाचि पुनः खलानाम् ॥ O Kālakūṭa poison, who taught you to ascend to newer, better heights? First you were submerged deep in the ocean, Then you rose to live in Śiva's throat And now you’re everywhere, in the words

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Literature has for its aim the creation of rasa, the aesthetic experience; it does not admit any other purpose. Bhaṭṭanāyaka stated this point blank – kāvye rasayitā sarvo na boddhā na niyogabhāk, ‘Literature offers enjoyment to every reader; as far as it is concerned, there exists neither an instructor nor

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Critics of Indian—particularly Kannada—literature find monotony and boredom in the rhythm of classical poetic meters[1] of Kannada and Sanskrit. They accuse our poets of the yesteryear for neither having the capacity nor showing the intent to break away from this so-called boredom. But in reality, many of our poets—however limited be

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(.. continued) Battle-field has not only inspired dance, but also music and literature in India. The gamakas (embellishments in music), rhythmic patterns, the name of the taalas (rhythmic cycles), musical instruments and their playing style have all been influenced by battle techniques. However, unlike in nrtya, movements cannot be depicted in

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