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October 2016

नवलक्षधनुर्धराधिनाथे पृथिवीं शासति वीररुद्रभूपे | अभवत्परमाग्रहारपीडा कुचकुम्भेषु कुरङ्गलोचनानाम् ॥ Vidyanatha who lived in the thirteenth century was a great poet and rhetorician. He wrote a compendium of alankara shastra titled Prataparudrayashobhushanam. This work, until recently, was the pet-book of scholars. It belongs to the dhvani school of thought, and is a dependable text that gives

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In the second part of this series, we take a look at the next twenty-one sutras of Narada on bhakti (verses 22 to 42). तत्रापि न माहात्म्यज्ञानविस्मृत्यपवादः । २२ 22. Even so (in the case of the cowgirls), one can’t criticize them of being oblivious to the awareness of divinity. तद्विहीनं जाराणामिव ।

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Vaachikaabhinaya (vocal communication – through words) is of two kinds – songs/ poems set to a rhythmic cycle (taala) and prose. Kuchupudi, Bhagavatamela and Kathakali have completely adopted Carnatic classical music today. This is even more prominent in Melattur Bhagavatamela. Kuchupdi has retained some special features of the Natya-sangeetha of

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ಭಾರತೀಯರು ಹಬ್ಬಗಳನ್ನು ವ್ರತ, ಪರ್ವ, ಮತ್ತು ಉತ್ಸವಗಳೆಂದು ಪ್ರಾಯಿಕವಾಗಿ ಮೂರು ವರ್ಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡರಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ವ್ರತ ವೈಯಕ್ತಿಕವಾದದ್ದು. ಧರ್ಮ-ಮೊಕ್ಷಗಳಿಗೇ ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರಾಧಾನ್ಯ. ನಿಯಮ-ನಿಷ್ಠೆಗಳ ಅಂತರ್ಮುಖತೆಗೇ ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಅಗ್ರತಾಂಬೂಲ. ಪರ್ವ ಕೌಟುಂಬಿಕವಾದದ್ದು. ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಅರ್ಥ-ಕಾಮಗಳೂ ಹದವಾಗಿ ಕಲೆಯುತ್ತವೆ. ನಿಯಮ-ನಿಷ್ಠೆಗಳಿಗೆ ಹಾಳತವಾದ ಆತ್ಮೀಯತೆ, ಅಚ್ಚು-ಕಟ್ಟುಗಳೂ ಕೂಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತವೆ. ಉತ್ಸವವು ಸಾಮೂಹಿಕ(ಸಾಮಾಜಿಕ)ವಾದದ್ದು. ಇದನ್ನು ಒಂದು ಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ 'ಸಮಾಜ'ವೆಂದೇ ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು. ಇಲ್ಲಿ ವಿಲಾಸ-ವೈಭವ-ಸಂತೋಷಗಳು ಮೆಲ್ಗೈಯಾಗುತ್ತವೆ. ಅರ್ಥ-ಕಾಮಗಳು ಧರ್ಮ-ಮೋಕ್ಷಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಸ್ಪರ್ಧಿಸುವಂತೆ ವಿಜೃಂಭಿಸಿ ಸಮಷ್ಟಿಗೆ ಜೀವನೋತ್ಸಾಹವನ್ನೂ ವಿನೋದವನ್ನೂ ತುಂಬುತ್ತವೆ. ಇಲ್ಲಿ ನಿಯಮ-ನಿಷ್ಠೆಗಳಿಗಿಂತ

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The divine sage Narada is credited with the composition of eighty-four sutras (aphorisms) on bhakti (devotion). In this four-part series, I provide simple English translations of the sutras. I will first present the original in Devanagari and then the translation. अथातो भक्तिं व्याख्यास्यामः । १ 1. Now thus we shall discuss in

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Nilakantha Dikshita is one among the fine Sanskrit poets in whom we find a happy blend of erudition and creativity. He lived during a time when natural expression of the language was chained to a heavy boulder of exhibitionism, and originality suffered under its weight. Only a few poets could

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